Antrochoanal polyps (ACP) are benign lesions that arise from the mucosa of the maxillary sinus, grow into the maxillary sinus and reach the choana, and nasal obstruction being their main symptom.
Adenoids are glands high in the throat behind the nose. Surgery to remove the adenoids is called an adenoidectomy. An adenoidectomy may be done if your child has trouble with breathing through the nose or for problems with frequent ear infections or sinus infections, among other reasons.
Transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation (TESPAL)
Sphenopalatine artery ligation is a commonly employed surgical intervention for control of posterior epistaxis (NOSE BLEEDING) unresponsive to nasal packing.
Eagle’s syndrome, also known as elongated styloid process, is a condition that may be the source of craniofacial and cervical pain. It is known to occur when either the total length of the styloid process is longer than 25 mm or when stylohyoid or stylomandibular ligaments are ossified. Eagle’s syndrome is an aggregate of symptoms that includes recurrent throat pain, foreign body sensation, dysphagia, and/or facial pain as a direct result of an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Although approximately 4 % of the population is thought to have an elongated styloid process, only a small percentage (between 4 and 10.3 %) of this group is thought to actually be symptomatic
Surgery for voice problems is fortunately quite uncommon; most voice disorders can be treated with medications or voice therapy. However, there are certain conditions in which operative measures are necessary. Some benign vocal fold lesions such as cysts or polyps as seen in this video may not respond to more conservative treatment and will need surgery
TORP (TOTAL OSSICULAR REPLACEMENT PROSTHESIS)
Conductive hearing loss results from impaired transmission of sound from the external auditory canal across the middle ear structures to the cochlea of the inner ear. A variety of disorders can affect the sound transmission pathway at the level of the ear canal, tympanic membrane, and ossicles prior to reaching the hearing organ These can disrupt the ossicular chain and result in conductive hearing loss. Ossiculoplasty can be seen performed in this video for the restoration of the sound transmitting mechanism of the middle ear using TORP.
The tongue attaches to the floor of the mouth with a web of tissue called the lingual frenulum. Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is an inborn variation in this structure. The lingual frenulum may be shortened or thickened, restricting movement of the tongue.
Tongue-tie may affect an infant’s ability to latch effectively during breastfeeding and can cause maternal symptoms during breastfeeding, as well. Rarely, tongue-tie may cause mechanical difficulties in the child’s speech and oral hygiene.
Nasal bone fracture is a type of facial injury due to various reasons such as falls, sports injuries, and motor vehicle accidents. The most common type of nasal bone fracture is a simple fracture, where the bone is broken but still in its normal position. A displaced fracture occurs when the bone is broken and moves out of position, resulting in a visible deformity. A comminuted fracture is a more severe type of nasal bone fracture where the bone is broken into multiple fragments.
A submandibular duct stone, also known as a sialolithiasis, is a small mineral deposit that forms in the duct that carries saliva from the submandibular gland to the mouth. When the stone becomes too large, it can block the duct and cause pain and swelling in the affected area. Treatment options may include manually removing the stone or using shock wave therapy to break it up. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the stone and restore proper saliva flow.
It is important to seek medical attention if an ant enters your ear, as attempting to remove it on your own can be dangerous. If professional medical help is not immediately available, tilt your head to the affected side and try to flush the ant out using lukewarm water or saline solution. Avoid using oil, as this can cause the ant to suffocate and die, increasing the risk of infection. Gently pull your earlobe to straighten the ear canal and encourage the ant to come out.
Septoplasty is a surgical procedure aimed at correcting a deviated nasal septum, the cartilage that separates the nostrils. It involves straightening and repositioning the septum to improve nasal airflow and alleviate breathing difficulties. Septoplasty is commonly performed to address chronic nasal congestion, snoring, and sleep apnea.